Current territory of Armenia is 10 times smaller than Armenian historical kingdom – Armenia Major (Mets Hayk), which remained from 331 to 428 BC.

On the 21st of September, 1991, as a result of popular referendum, Armenia withdrew from composition of the USSR and pronounced independence of the Republic of Armenia.

Armenia is the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as state religion. Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the most ancient national churches and one of the most ancient Christian communities, which belongs to group of Eastern Orthodox Churches.  Center – Mother Cathedral of Holy Echmiatsin. 

State language is Armenian, which is considered to be a separate branch in the Indo – European family of languages. Armenian alphabet was created by Mesrop Mashtots in 405.
 
The main symbol of Armenia is biblical Mount Ararat, on which, according to the legend, Noah’s Ark found its shelter after the global Flood. 

Armenian genocide, accomplished by Ottoman Empire in 1915, is one of the gravest pages of history of Armenia. Armenians has been fighting for its recognition for almost a century. 

Yerevan is the 12th capital of Armenia. It is 28 years older than Rome and is considered to be one of the safest cities in the world. 

The most ancient, 6000 years old winery was found in Armenia: near village Areni: in the Birds’ cave. Areni keeps traditions of winemaking up today. By the way, the most ancient, 5500 years old shoe was found in the same location. 

The world’s biggest collection of manuscripts and medieval books Matenadaran is situated in Yerevan. 

There is no place in the world, where apricot is tastier than in Armenia; it is one of the true live symbols of the country. It was grown exactly on Ararat plain. Then it spread all over Europe. Latin name of the fruit is Prunus armeniaca.
 

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